Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Sri Lanka is identified as one of the world's 35 biodiversity hot spots, with a high level of endemic species observed in most taxonomic groups. The country also has a forest area of around 29.7% of its total land mass as at 2016. However, deforestation is identified as a major cause of Sri Lanka's loss of biodiversity, owing to the growth of the export plantation economy in the wet zone, colonial commercial timber policies, irrigation development and agricultural expansion. In addition, invasive alien species pose a threat to biodiversity, and intense conflicts between humans and wildlife have emerged in many areas, particularly with elephants.
15.1By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
15.2By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
15.bMobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation