Despite Sri Lanka's reduction in poverty over the past decade, income inequalities remain a concern. Regional disparities in access to services are illustrated through disparities in under-five mortality rates and educational achievements. In terms of external financing for development, the past five years have seen a decline in ODA and an increase in FDI, although the sustainability of the latter trend in the wake of COVID-19 is yet to be determined. Sri Lanka's participation in international decision-making and integration with the global economy is limited in comparison to many emerging economies, with declining trade openness, a lack of product diversification and low levels of trade facilitation.
10.1By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.3Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
10.6Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
10.bEncourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes