Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
A key aspect of sustainable consumption and production (SCP) pertains to post-harvest losses, which are considered a significant problem for many agricultural commodities in Sri Lanka, as high as 40% for certain perishable products. The promotion of SCP mainly requires voluntary commitments, which faces the challenge of a slow rate of adoption due to the level of knowledge and awareness of stakeholders, despite the benefits gained. An example of this is green reporting, which takes place on a voluntary basis. Some areas require mandatory interventions, such as scheduled waste - such areas face compliance issues, due to poor surveillance and monitoring capacities in the country.
12.1Implement the 10‑Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
12.4By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
12.cRationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities