Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
While Sri Lanka ranks among the least urbanized counties in the world, research suggests this is a misrepresentation and that the country is facing urban sprawl or the unregulated outward growth of a city outside its designated borders. Such urban spaces growing outside boundaries are often unplanned and unregulated, leading to challenges related to transportation, housing, waste management and the environment. For instance, unregulated and unaccounted for urban sprawl increases the vulnerability of such areas to climate change and disaster risks. Meeting increased housing demand while ensuring the affordability and quality of housing has also been a key challenge. Urban waste management is also a significant environmental issue.
11.1By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
11.2By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
11.5By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
11.bBy 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels